Northwestern University This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained.
Psychoanalyse first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud, who formulated his own theory of psychoanalysis in Vienna in the s.
Freud was a neurologist trying to find an effective treatment for patients with neurotic or hysterical symptoms. Freud realised that there were mental processes that were not conscious, whilst he was employed as a neurological consultant at the Children's Hospital, where he noticed that many aphasic children had no apparent organic cause for their symptoms.
He then wrote a monograph about this subject. Charcot had introduced hypnotism as an experimental research tool and developed the photographic representation of clinical symptoms. Freud's first theory to explain hysterical symptoms was presented in Studies on Hysteriaco-authored with his mentor the distinguished physician Josef Breuerwhich was generally seen as the birth of psychoanalysis.
The work was based on Breuer's treatment of Bertha Pappenheimreferred to in case studies by the pseudonym " Anna O. Breuer wrote that many factors that could result in such symptoms, including various types of emotional trauma, and he also credited work by others such as Pierre Janet ; while Freud contended that at the root of hysterical symptoms were repressed memories of distressing occurrences, almost always having direct or indirect sexual associations.
It remained unpublished in his lifetime. This became the received historical account until challenged by several Freud scholars in the latter part of the 20th century who argued that he had imposed his preconceived notions on his patients.
Freud formulated his second psychological theory— which hypothesises that the unconscious has or is a "primary process" consisting of symbolic and condensed thoughts, and a "secondary process" of logical, conscious thoughts.
This theory was published in his book, The Interpretation of Dreams. In this theory, which was mostly later supplanted by the Structural Theory, unacceptable sexual wishes were repressed into the "System Unconscious", unconscious due to society's condemnation of premarital sexual activity, and this repression created anxiety.
This "topographic theory" is still popular in much of Europe, although it has fallen out of favour in much of North America. Freud and Jung in the center InFreud published Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality  in which he laid out his discovery of so-called psychosexual phases: His early formulation included the idea that because of societal restrictions, sexual wishes were repressed into an unconscious state, and that the energy of these unconscious wishes could be turned into anxiety or physical symptoms.
Therefore, the early treatment techniques, including hypnotism and abreaction, were designed to make the unconscious conscious in order to relieve the pressure and the apparently resulting symptoms.
This method would later on be left aside by Freud, giving free association a bigger role. In On Narcissism  Freud turned his attention to the subject of narcissism. Still using an energic system, Freud characterized the difference between energy directed at the self versus energy directed at others, called cathexis.
Byin "Mourning and Melancholia", he suggested that certain depressions were caused by turning guilt-ridden anger on the self. ByFreud addressed the power of identification with the leader and with other members in groups as a motivation for behavior Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. Also, it was the first appearance of his "structural theory" consisting three new concepts id, ego, and superego.
· Cognitive Thinking Patterns In Psychology. Exam Question on Cognition A-Level. Date: 13/03/ Author Information. To what extent does the cognitive approach provide an explanation of criminal behaviour (15 marks) This essay will examine the extent to which this approach provides an explanation of criminal caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com There are many theories that provide an explanation of criminal behavior. According to some theories, delinquent behavior is innate in an individual. Other theories say that crime is influenced by environmental, economic, and psychological aspects (University of North Texas, nd).caninariojana.com criminal behaviour offers an opportunity to the public at large to expand their knowledge on the importance of practicing and equipping oneself with healthy psychological traits to hinder from criminal and delinquent caninariojana.com
Hence, Freud characterised repression as both a cause and a result of anxiety. Inin Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety, Freud characterised how intrapsychic conflict among drive and superego wishes and guilt caused anxietyand how that anxiety could lead to an inhibition of mental functions, such as intellect and speech.
According to Freud, the Oedipus complex, was at the centre of neurosis, and was the foundational source of all art, myth, religion, philosophy, therapy—indeed of all human culture and civilization. · Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others caninariojana.com · Although the specifics of the psychoanalytic theory cannot be supported via empirical evidence and many aspects of the theory cannot explain modern phenomena, Freud still made a considerable and lasting contribution to caninariojana.com Unit 2 criminal behaviour theories 1.
Theories of Criminal Behaviour 2.
Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud (–): One can understand human behavior best by examining early childhood experiences. Criminality is linked to guilt feelings (unresolved oedipal and Electra complexes).
Policy Implications of Cognitive Psychology caninariojana.com /unitcriminal-behaviour-theories. · 6 sychological/T those things, such as painting, that give people pleasure. The other type of instinctual drive is destructive. Destructive drives refer to such things as aggression, destruction, and death.
9 The ego is the moderator between the demands caninariojana.com The explanation could be simple or complex, various or straight-forward. One of the most popular theories to explain criminal behavior is the “Rational Choice Theory”.
This theory attempts to determine the who, what, when, where, how, and why of criminal caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com · Criminal behaviour in adolescence is relatively common: 40% of offences are committed by people under 21 years and about half of males and a Criminological psychology Learning caninariojana.com