Machiavelli aristotle comparison essay

The Prince and Nichomachean Ethics severally. They have a similar position of the terminal:

Machiavelli aristotle comparison essay

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Tuesday, November 27, Aristotle vs. Machiavelli The term political scientist has been used to describe both Aristotle and Niccolo Machiavelli, but does that term do the work of either man justice?

From the outset it is very easy to see the philosophical differences between the two men and their visions of the political system s.

Machiavelli aristotle comparison essay

It is fairly obvious that both men were products of their times, Aristotle coming from the end of the Golden Age of Greece and Machiavelli coming from end of Medieval Europe, but in both cases their ideas and advice have endured the centuries and still hold true to this day.

While their ideas may still hold weight in the modern political world, their outlooks and philosophies could not have been more different. To this extent both men made very powerful arguments, even though they are a bit dated, and I personally see the pros and cons of each.

As I will explain in more detail, the term political scientist really does neither Aristotle nor Machiavelli justice. To best explain each, Aristotle was a political philosopher while Machiavelli was an extreme political pragmatist.

While both Aristotle and Machiavelli studied history and used said study in their research and conclusions, Aristotle used more of a reasoned approach while Machiavelli used an empirical approach. Aristotle was aiming for definitions and conclusions that could be widely used while Machiavelli was aiming for results.

Machiavelli aristotle comparison essay

One advantage that Machiavelli had in his study was the amount of material i. Possibly because of the difference in research, and most definitely because of the difference in outlook, Aristotle and Machiavelli had very different concepts of the basic goals of politics along with different reasons for writing their books.

I shall deal with the second issue first. Aristotle was a scholar and philosopher who practiced metaphysics the desire to know everything and thus wrote on a multitude of subjects. His work in writing Politics was part of his scholarly career. Machiavelli wrote The Prince to win favor with a prince and thus elevate his position.

Machiavelli on the other hand, believed in much less loftier goals. To him the goal of politics was simple and could be summed up in three words — control, stability, and power.

Citizens make up an important part of the political process, but were seen in very different lights by Aristotle and Machiavelli. Aristotle viewed citizens as the backbone of the state and believed that they had a responsibility to the state. So while Aristotle believed that citizens should be part of the political system, Machiavelli simply believed that citizens should do what they are told i.

Aristotle and Machiavelli also differed greatly in their views of virtue and ethics and the roles they play in politics.


Aristotle drew a distinction between civic virtue and personal virtue and believed that one was not dependent on the other: To Aristotle, civic virtue was central to politics and a good state.

On the surface, Machiavelli took a much simpler stance on virtue and ethics, they are not important, but in reality his views seemed to be a bit more complex than that. I know that this has often been written about before, and so I hope it will not be thought presumptuous for me to do so, as, especially in discussing this subject, I draw up an original set of rules.

But since my intention is to say something that will prove of practical use to the inquirer, I have thought it proper to represent things as they are in real truth, rather than as they are imagined.

Many have dreamed up republics and principalities which have never in truth been known to exist; the gulf between how one should live and how one does live is so wide that a man who neglects what is actually done for what should be done moves towards self-destruction rather than self-preservation.

The fact is that a man who wants to act virtuously in every way necessarily comes to grief among so many who are not virtuous.

Oklahoma Lefty: Aristotle vs. Machiavelli

Therefore if a prince wants to maintain his rule he must be prepared not to be virtuous, and to make use of this or not according to need. He freely concluded that the prince must do whatever necessary to hold and maintain power but his reluctance could been seen in the following passage: To Machiavelli a bad state was one that the leader was not in control of and while he provided examples and advice on running different kinds of governments see chapters 5 — 11 in The Prince for specific examplesthis simple fact overshadowed everything else.

In Book IV of Politics, Aristotle broke down the six major forms of government of the time and compared them by twos based on similarities in the following fashion — tyranny vs.In comparison to the classical view of virtue, Machiavelli’s view lacks a moral sense.

Machiavelli’s work on the prince has received wide criticism from a large front including the Catholic Church. Dec 05,  · Two distinctly different accounts of political life are given by Aristotle and Machiavelli.

Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Essay

At the essence of Aristotle’s account is the natural disposition of man to live life in forms of association, with the polis at the top of this hierarchy of associations as a good in caninariojana.coms: 2.

Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Essay Machiavelli and Aristotle's writings on man, The Prince and Nichomachean Ethics respectively, and the management thereof contain divergent ideas of how man should act and reason.

Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Essays: Over , Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Essays, Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Term Papers, Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Related Documents: Machiavelli Plato Rebuplic Prince Comparison Essay Essay on Machiavelli: Political Philosophy and Machiavelli Machiavelli’s masterwork The Prince, written after his release, is dedicated to one of the Medici, and (on one possible reading) it is a particularly ingenious attempt to guide the prince toward beneficent.

Machiavelli Aristotle Comparison Essay Machiavelli and Aristotle's writings on man, The Prince and Nichomachean Ethics respectively, and the management thereof contain divergent ideas of how man should act and reason.

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