Danto, Emeritus Johnsonian Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University, and one of the most significant philosophers in the English-speaking world, who has evolved an elaborate theory of what art is, and how we can know it when we see it. And it all came about in the sixties when he saw some facsimile Brillo cartons, displayed as art by Andy Warhol. To be a little bit more exact, there were several different kinds of commercial shipping cartons that he had facsimiles of.
In the perspective of Is it art history of art,  artistic works have existed for almost as long as humankind: However, there are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology.
Artistic works may serve practical functions, in addition to their decorative value. Over time, philosophers like PlatoAristotleSocrates and Kantamong others, questioned the meaning of art. Socrates says that poetry is inspired by the musesand is not rational.
He speaks approvingly of this, and other forms of divine madness drunkenness, eroticism, and dreaming in the Phaedrus a—cand yet in the Republic wants to outlaw Homer's great poetic art, and laughter as well.
In IonSocrates gives no hint of the disapproval of Homer that he expresses in the Republic. The dialogue Ion suggests that Homer 's Iliad functioned in the ancient Greek world as the Bible does today in the modern Christian world: The forms also differ in their object of imitation.
Comedy, for instance, is a dramatic imitation of men worse than average; whereas tragedy imitates men slightly better than average. Lastly, the forms differ in their manner of imitation—through narrative or character, through change or no change, and through drama or no drama.
Within this latter sense, the word art may refer to several things: The creative arts art as discipline are a collection of disciplines which produce artworks art as objects that are compelled by a personal drive art as activity and convey a message, mood, or symbolism for the perceiver to interpret art as experience.
Art is something that stimulates an individual's thoughts, emotions, beliefs, or ideas through the senses. Works of art can be explicitly made for this purpose or interpreted on the basis of images or objects.
For some scholars, such as Kantthe sciences and the arts could be distinguished by taking science as representing the domain of knowledge and the arts as representing the domain of the freedom of artistic expression. Likewise, if the skill is being used in a commercial or industrial way, it may be considered commercial art instead of fine art.
On the other hand, crafts and design are sometimes considered applied art. Some art followers have argued that the difference between fine art and applied art has more to do with value judgments made about the art than any clear definitional difference.
The purpose of works of art may be to communicate ideas, such as in politically, spiritually, or philosophically motivated art; to create a sense of beauty see aesthetics ; to explore the nature of perception; for pleasure; or to generate strong emotions.
The purpose may also be seemingly nonexistent. The nature of art has been described by philosopher Richard Wollheim as "one of the most elusive of the traditional problems of human culture".
Art as mimesis has deep roots in the philosophy of Aristotle. Collingwood advanced the idealist view that art expresses emotions, and that the work of art therefore essentially exists in the mind of the creator. More recently, thinkers influenced by Martin Heidegger have interpreted art as the means by which a community develops for itself a medium for self-expression and interpretation.
Art as we have generally understood it is a European invention barely two hundred years old. During the Romantic periodart came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science". Sculptures, cave paintingsrock paintings and petroglyphs from the Upper Paleolithic dating to roughly 40, years ago have been found,  but the precise meaning of such art is often disputed because so little is known about the cultures that produced them.
The oldest art objects in the world—a series of tiny, drilled snail shells about 75, years old—were discovered in a South African cave. Each of these centers of early civilization developed a unique and characteristic style in its art.
Because of the size and duration of these civilizations, more of their art works have survived and more of their influence has been transmitted to other cultures and later times. Some also have provided the first records of how artists worked.
For example, this period of Greek art saw a veneration of the human physical form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature, poise, beauty, and anatomically correct proportions.
Nevertheless, a classical realist tradition persisted in small Byzantine works, and realism steadily grew in the art of Catholic Europe. It reads "Mahmud Khan son of Abdulhamid is forever victorious". The Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia, also called the Mosque of Uqba, is one of the finest, most significant and best preserved artistic and architectural examples of early great mosques.
Dated in its present state from the 9th century, it is the ancestor and model of all the mosques in the western Islamic lands.Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.
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May 31, · It was among the works he used to challenge traditional notions of making and exhibiting art, the museum said on its website.
Kevin, who will be a junior in high school in the fall, said that when art is more abstract, it is more difficult to interpret and he loses interest. The definition of art has been debated for centuries among philosophers.”What is art?” is the most basic question in the philosophy of aesthetics, which really means, “how do we determine what is defined as art?” This implies two subtexts: the essential nature of art, and its social importance (or lack of it).