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In short, the speaker should be answering the question "who says what in which channel to whom with what effect? Public speaking can also take the form of a discourse communityin which the audience and speaker use discourse to achieve a common goal.
Public speaking for business and commercial events is often done by professionals. These speakers can be contracted independently, through representation by a speakers bureauor by other means.
Public speaking plays a large role in the professional world; in fact, it is believed that 70 percent of all jobs involve some form of public speaking.
Aulus Metellusan Etruscan man wearing a Roman toga while engaged in rhetoric ; the statue features an inscription in the Etruscan alphabet Although there is evidence of public speech training in ancient Egypt the first known piece  on oratory, written over 2, years ago, came from ancient Greece.
This work elaborated on principles drawn from the practices and experiences of ancient Greek orators. Aristotle was one of the first recorded teachers of oratory to use definitive rules and models.
His emphasis on oratory led to oration becoming an essential part of a liberal arts education during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The classical antiquity works written by the ancient Greeks capture the ways they taught and developed the art of public speaking thousands of years ago.
In classical Greece and Romerhetoric was the main component of composition and speech delivery, both of which were critical skills for citizens to use in public and private life.
In ancient Greece, citizens spoke on their own behalf rather than having professionals, like modern lawyers, speak for them. Any citizen who wished to succeed in court, in politics or in social life had to learn techniques of public speaking. Rhetorical tools were first taught by a group of rhetoric teachers called Sophists who are notable for teaching paying students how to speak effectively using the methods they developed.
Separately from the Sophists, SocratesPlato and Aristotle all developed their own theories of public speaking and taught these principles to students who wanted to learn skills in rhetoric.
Plato and Aristotle taught these principles in schools that they founded, The Academy and The Lyceumrespectively. Although Greece eventually lost political sovereignty, the Greek culture of training in public speaking was adopted almost identically by the Romans.
In the political rise of the Roman RepublicRoman orators copied and modified the ancient Greek techniques of public speaking. Instruction in rhetoric developed into a full curriculum, including instruction in grammar study of the poetspreliminary exercises progymnasmataand preparation of public speeches declamation in both forensic and deliberative genres.
The Latin style of rhetoric was heavily influenced by Cicero and involved a strong emphasis on a broad education in all areas of humanistic study in the liberal arts, including philosophy.
Oratory in the Roman empirethough less central to political life than in the days of the Republic, remained significant in law and became a big form of entertainment. Famous orators became like celebrities in ancient Rome—very wealthy and prominent members of society. The Latin style was the primary form of oration until the beginning of the 20th century.
After World War IIhowever, the Latin style of oration began to gradually grow out of style as the trend of ornate speaking became seen as impractical. This cultural change likely had to do with the rise of the scientific method and the emphasis on a "plain" style of speaking and writing.
Even formal oratory is much less ornate today than it was in the Classical Era. Despite the shift in style, the best-known examples of strong public speaking are still studied years after their delivery.
Lecterns hold papers while speakers talk.Public speaking (also called oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a speech to a live audience. This type of speech is deliberately structured with three general purposes: to inform, to persuade and to entertain.
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INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION Chapter Outline. Several things can prevent the message from reaching the intended recipient or from having the desired effect on the recipient.
Henceforth, a good understanding of non-verbal communication will entitle a person or persons to communicate more effectively than what is conveyed through verbal. The benefits and challenges hospitality Donald G., "The benefits and challenges hospitality management students experience by working in conjunction with completing their studies" ().
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1 Introduction 1 Purpose 2 Research Questions 2.