Account of Drake's landing in California inexcerpts - Russian: Account of Bering's landing in Alaska inexcerpts - Drake voyage: The Russian discoveries, Not until the s does the west coast of North America appear with any accuracy on a European map—with Baja California as a peninsula and not an island, with Asia and America as separate continents, and with no depiction of a straight water route in the far north.
Early Encounters between Native Americans and Europeans by Steven Schwartz Background Early European explorers to the Americas likely experienced emotions including awe at the vast "new" environment, amazement at meeting "others," the thrill of the unknown, concern for personal safety, desire for personal reward, and longing for their homeland and those left behind.
Written and pictorial records attributed to Europeans provide the bulk of the records of these early travels. Impressions of natives as well as Native impressions of Europeans are frequently framed in the narratives of the explorers. Examination of these records indicates the cautious and curious nature of first encounters.
Significance Centuries of ignorance, prejudice, and opinions lacking evidence or scholarly research have tainted traditional views of the earliest meetings between Native Americans First Nations in Canada and Europeans. Students may come to recognize how the later period of continued exploration, settlement, and interaction was influenced by these early encounters from the St.
Lawrence River to Georgia. Essential Question Did early contact between Native Americans and Europeans set the stage for their future relations? Assign a reader, a facilitator, and a recorder to each group. Distribute copies of Document 1 and Document 2 from the Perceptions of Native Americans Worksheet to alternating groups.
Have each group listen to and follow along as the reader proceeds through the document. Ask the facilitator to obtain from the group the major ideas in the document and any questions about the content or meaning of the document.
This information is listed by the recorder. The teacher reconvenes the class as a whole.
The reader from each group reports and the teacher makes a list on a white board, overlay, computer projection, or chalk board. The teacher then summarizes by asking the students to indicate the similarities and differences expressed in both documents. The students are asked how the historian debunks the information in the two illustrations.
How does the Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation Document 6 help us understand the relations between the settlers and the Narragansett? Read and examine Documents 7, 8, and 9. How do each of these documents illustrate the complexity and confusion of early encounters?
How did Native Americans and Europeans attempt to resolve their confusion and differences? Contrast the message in the illustration, Document 10, by Matthaeus Merian with the earlier images by John White. Closure Read the first page only of Document Make a list of the exchanges that took place between Native Americans and Europeans.
Read the second page of Document 11 and at the same time review the information in Document Write a one paragraph opinion on the statement: The "face of North America" was drastically altered as a result of the early encounters between Native Americans and Europeans.
Cite evidence from the documents.1. Warm Up: Activate prior knowledge by conducting a warm up exercise in which students react quickly to a series of words related to the colonial encounter of Native Americans and Europeans. Explain to students that you will be reading a series of words relating to Native Americans and when Europeans first encountered them on North American shores.
The great impact of disease on the Native population of America is an important part of the story of European exploration. Experts believe that as much as 90 percent of the American Indian population may have died from illnesses introduced to America by Europeans.
gave people a more expansive outlook. Prior to the Renaissance, loosely organized medieval kingdoms, ignorance of classical learning and plagues prevented people from thinking beyond the problems in their own communities.
In the Renaissance, Europe became more prosperous and political authority became more united to form nation states. The Europeans soon pursued their intent to conquer this new continent with brutal attacks and invasion. The Native Americans soon realized that the invaders would arrive in overwhelming numbers, as many “as the stars in heaven.” Initially, the people of this land tried to co-exist with the Europeans.
But many more problems arose. Many factors conditioned the ways Europeans responded to Native Americans and the ways Native Americans responded to Europeans. Motivations, expectations, political and social structures, religious beliefs, concepts of civilization, and perceptions of wealth and power all played a role.
Latin America: A Legacy of Oppression When the Europeans first arrived in Latin America, they didn't realize the immensity of their actions. As history has proven, the Europeans have imposed many things on the Latin American territory have had a long, devastating effect on the indigenous people.