He worked hard to project his authority in the splendid setting of Versailles, to depict it in his arrogant motto: Yet he made surprisingly few institutional or administrative changes in the structure of government.
Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
He once narrowly escaped drowning in a pond because no one was watching him. This marked the beginning of the long civil war known as the Frondein the course of which Louis suffered poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold, and hunger. These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king.
He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people.
Absolute Monarchy Essay Examples. 16 total results. An Analysis of Louix XIV His Absolute Monarchy in France. words. 1 page. Ideal Forms of Government Patterned by Philosophers Through Idea of Natural Dependency. An Analysis and a Comparison of Absolute and New Monarchs. 1, words. The epitome of absolute monarchy was Louis XIV. This was clearly evident throughout France for sixty-one years during which time he brought a degree of centralized control never before seen. His total control over all aspects of government and culture was a result of highly competent minist. Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age. He revoked the Edict of Nantes and is known for his aggressive foreign policy.
The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons. A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period.
The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power. No one suspected his thoughts.
In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself.
The young king Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom. This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation.
He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbertmarquis de Louvoisand Hugues de Lionneamong whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity. For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention.
He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes. He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur.
Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation.
He knew well how to make use of them. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences.
Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J. Versailles was approximately the price of a modern airport; it was an object of universal admiration and enhanced French prestige. All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles.
Louis XIV was not wrong, as some have claimed, to remove himself from unhealthful and tumultuous Paris, but he erred in breaking with the wandering tradition of his ancestors.
The monarchy became increasingly isolated from the people and thereby assumed a decidedly mythical quality. Manufacturers, the navy and merchant marinea modern police organization, roads, ports, and canals all emerged at about the same time. After a brilliant campaign, the king had to retreat in the face of English and especially Dutch pressure.
He never forgave the Dutch and swore to destroy their Protestant mercantile republic. To this end he allied himself with his cousin Charles II of England and invaded the Netherlands in The long war that ensued ended inin the first treaty of Nijmegen with Louis triumphant.
Zenith and decline The Sun King was at his zenith. Almost alone he had defeated a formidable coalition Spain and the Holy Roman emperor had joined the Dutch against him and dictated terms to the enemy.
His fleet equaled those of England and Holland.
At the same time, great changes were occurring in his private life. Fearful for his reputation, the king dismissed Mme de Montespan and imposed piety on his entourage.
The ostentation, gambling, and entertainments did not disappear, but the court, subjected to an outward display of propriety, became suffused with boredom.Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September – 1 September ), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France and Navarre from until his death in Louis XIV's court adored Hyacinthe Rigaud, who helped to formulate what a state portrait should be.
While Rigaud made a credible likeness of the king, his purpose was not to express Louis's character but to glorify the monarchy. Recognizing that political power lay in cultural superiority, and assisted by his minister, Colbert (Controller General of the Finances, –), Louis XIV (–) initiated an all-encompassing cultural program designed to glorify the monarchy in his person.
Absolute Monarchy Essay Examples. 16 total results. An Analysis of Louix XIV His Absolute Monarchy in France.
words. 1 page. Ideal Forms of Government Patterned by Philosophers Through Idea of Natural Dependency. An Analysis and a Comparison of Absolute and New Monarchs.
Louis XIV and France Louis XIV had not received much of an academic education, although he later picked up some Latin and modern languages. He was a handsome and athletic youth who had mastered fencing, dancing and riding.
Louis XIV did not want to allow Protestants to practice their faith in largely Catholic France. Perhaps he was motivated by religion, but it is more likely that Louis, who believed in the motto, "one king, one law, one faith," felt that the existence of this minority undermined his own political authority.