When Spain threatened to invade Holland, the Pilgrims decided to flee again. They considered sailing to Guyana in South America, as they heard of its tropical climate. In the following years, Spaniards explored and attempted settlements:
List of French forts in North America According to the staples thesisthe economic development of New France was marked by the emergence of successive economies based on staple commodities, each of which dictated the political and cultural settings of the time.
During the 16th and early 17th centuries New France's economy was heavily centered on its Atlantic fisheries. This would change in the later half of the 17th and 18th centuries as French settlement penetrated further into the continental interior.
It would soon become the new staple good that would strengthen and drive New France's economy, in particular that of Montrealfor the next century. Map showing the approximate location of major tribes and settlements  The trading post of Ville-Marieestablished on the current island of Montreal, quickly became the economic hub for the French fur trade.
It achieved this in great part due to its particular location along the St.
From here a new economy emerged, one of size and density that provided increased economic opportunities for the inhabitants of New France. In December the Company of New France was recognized and given commercial rights to the gathering and export of furs from French territories. As a result, it was able to set specific price points for furs and other valuable goods, often doing so to protect its economic hegemony over other trading partners and other areas of the economy.
The fur trade itself was based on a commodity of small bulk but yet high value. The Montreal area witnessed a stagnant agricultural sector; it remained for the most part subsistence orientated with little or no trade purposes outside of the French colony.
This was a prime example of the handicapping effect the fur trade had on its neighbouring areas of the economy. Economically, it was no longer a town of small traders or of fur fairs but rather a city of merchants and of bright lights.
The primary sector of the fur tradethe act of acquiring and the selling of the furs, quickly promoted the growth of complementary second and tertiary sectors of the economy. For instance a small number of tanneries was established in Montreal as well as a larger number of inns, taverns and markets that would support the growing number of inhabitants whose livelihood depended on the fur trade.
Already by there were well over families and there may have been as many as people living in Montreal. The founding of the Compagnie des Indes inonce again highlighted the economic importance of the fur trade. However, by the middle half of the 18th century the fur trade was in a slow decline.
This eventually resulted in the repeal of the 25 percent sales tax that had previously aimed at curbing the administrative costs New France had accumulated. In addition, dwindling supply increased black market trading.
A greater number of indigenous groups and fur traders began circumventing Montreal and New France altogether; many began trading with either British or Dutch merchants to the south. Even so, it did serve as the fundamental force behind the establishment and vast growth of Montreal and the French colony.
Coureurs des bois and voyageurs[ edit ] The arrival of Radisson in an Amerindian camp in The coureurs des bois were responsible for starting the flow of trade from Montrealcarrying French goods into upper territories while indigenous people were bringing down their furs.
The coureurs traveled with intermediate trading tribes, and found that they were anxious to prevent French access to the more distant fur-hunting tribes. Still, the coureurs kept thrusting outwards using the Ottawa River as their initial step upon the journey and keeping Montreal as their starting point.
It was for this reason that Montreal and the Ottawa River was a central location of indigenous warfare and rivalry. Montreal faced difficulties by having too many coureurs out in the woods.
The furs coming down were causing an oversupply on the markets of Europe.
This challenged the coureurs trade because they so easily evaded controls, monopolies, and taxation, and additionally because the coureurs trade was held to debauch both French and various indigenous groups. The coureur debauched Frenchmen by accustoming them to fully live with indigenous, and indigenous by trading on their desire for alcohol.
It was also forbidden to take spirits inland to trade with indigenous groups. However these restrictions on the coureurs, for a variety of reasons, never worked.north america timeline and more - by caninariojana.com Several factors worked against the success of French colonization in North America.
The Huguenots, religious dissenters at home, were forbidden to settle in New France. Following revocation of the Edict of Nantes in , many French Protestants immigrated to South Carolina, New York and Massachusetts.
After Spanish control of the Caribbean began to weaken, the French turned their attention to small islands in the West Indies; by they had colonized two, Guadeloupe and Martinique.
Though it still lagged far behind Spain, France now boasted its own West Indian colonies with lucrative sugar plantation sites and African slave labor. Title A map of the British and French settlements in North America. Contributor Names Lodge, John, Created / Published. New France, French Nouvelle-France, (–), the French colonies of continental North America, initially embracing the shores of the St.
Lawrence River, Newfoundland, and Acadia (Nova Scotia) but gradually expanding to include much of the Great Lakes region and parts of the trans-Appalachian West.
Aug 21, · Watch video · By the seventeenth century, the English had taken the lead in colonizing North America, establishing settlements all along the Atlantic coast and in the West Indies. Sweden & Denmark.