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He is regarded as one of the most influential - and controversial - minds of the 20th century. His father was a merchant. The family moved to Leipzig and then settled in Vienna, where Freud was educated.
Freud's family were Jewish but he was himself non-practising. InFreud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna. After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. He collaborated with Josef Breuer in treating hysteria by the recall of painful experiences under hypnosis.
InFreud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot. On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders.
The same year he married Martha Bernays, with whom he had six children. Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defences against them.
Inhe began an intensive analysis of himself. Inhis major work 'The Interpretation of Dreams' was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences. InFreud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud.
Inthe International Psychoanalytic Association was founded with Carl Jung, a close associate of Freud's, as the president. Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories.
After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology.
Inhe published 'The Ego and the Id', which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the 'id, the 'ego' and the 'superego'. Inthe Nazis publicly burnt a number of Freud's books.
Freud had been diagnosed with cancer of the jaw inand underwent more than 30 operations. He died of cancer on 23 September In , Freud became a professor at the University of Vienna. Soon, he gained followers and formed what was called the Psychoanalytic Society.
Groups like this one formed in other cities, as well. Watch video · Sigmund Freud Biography Psychiatrist, Scholar (–) Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist best known for developing the theories and techniques of psychoanalysis. Freud's family were Jewish but he was himself non-practising.
In , Freud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna.
After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, , in Freiberg, Moravia (now Czech Republic). Sigmund was the first child of his twice-widowed father's third marriage.
His mother, Amalia Nathanson, was nineteen years old when she married Jacob Freud, aged thirty-nine.
Freud's landmark writings on love and sexuality, including the famous case study of Dora newly translated and in one volume for the first time This original collection brings together the most important writings on the psychology of love by one of the great thinkers of the twentieth century.
Sigmund /5. – Sigmund Freud The Austrian founder of psychoanalysis was born Sigismund Schlomo Freud in the town of Freiberg (now Pribor) in the Austro-Hungarian region of Moravia (Mähren, today in the Czech Republic) on May 6,